James Reid Dual Ignition Revolver

  • Hallo


    Ich greife hier noch mal einen Beitrag aus dem "waffenhistorischen Kalenderblatt" auf.


    Unter Sammlern sind die Revolver von James Reid wohlbekannt. Er hatte sich eine Erfindung Patentieren lassen, mit der er das Patent von Smith und Wesson bezüglich der durchbohrten Trommel und Verwendung von Metallpatronen umgehen konnte. ( Patent vom 28. April 1863)


    Reid umging das Rollin White Patent, indem er den hinteren Teil der Trommelbohrung mit einem Gewinde für Pistons versah. Waren die Pistons eingeschraubt, so konnte man die Trommel konventionell wie einen Colt Vorderlader-Revolver unter Verwendung der Ladepresse laden. Waren die Pistons herausgeschraubt, so passten die originalen Rundfeuer-Metallpatronen von S&W im Kaliber .32.


    Ich finde es faszinierend, was das so an verschiedenen Dingen erfunden wurde, und wie das Rolin White Patent zu umgehen versucht wurde.


    Ein anderer Aspekt ist die Tatsache, dass Reid mit seinem System für den Fall vorgesorgt hatte, dass keine Metallpatronen verfügbar waren. Dies war ja in den weiten Gebieten des Westens sicher nicht immer der Fall, und auch im Bürgerkrieg war der Nachschub mit den modernen Patronen nicht unbedingt gesichert. Pistons reinschrauben, und fertig ist der Umbau vom Patronenrevolver zum Vorderlader (Cap´n Ball) Ich denke, das funktionierte sicher nur bei einem „Kleinkaliber“. Oder sind Waffen nach dem Reid-Patent auch in .45 bekannt? .45 LC wäre da so ein Kandidat.


    Unter http://www.antiquearmsinc.com/…in-white-smith-wesson.htm wird so ein Revolver beschrieben.


    Zitat:
    „James Reid Model No. 4 Revolver w/ Dual Ignition Cylinder & Rare 8" Barrel


    This is a fascinating Civil War-era revolver by James Reid of New York
    City. Manufactured from 1863-65, the total production for the
    Model 4 was 1,070 units, which were serialized from 2,230 to
    3,500. This example is in the 2,900 range. Barrel marked
    "J. REID N.Y. CITY/PATD, APL 28. 1863". This is one
    of the few revolvers you'll ever see that was designed to
    work as both a cartridge and a percussion revolver. It also
    sports a very rare 8" barrel which almost gives it a
    "Buntline"-style appearance. What made this unique
    revolver more amazing to us, was these would have seen use during the
    American Civil War. While James Reid is well
    known by collectors for his distinctive Knuckle Duster-style
    pocket revolvers of the 1870's and 80's, his early work in NYC from
    1861-65 reveals a man of substantial knowledge and mechanical
    intellect in spite of only being in his early- to mid-thirties.


    Reid was born in Belfast, Ireland in 1827 where he developed a strong
    mechanical aptitude from factories there and later Glasgow,
    Scotland. He immigrated to the United States in 1857 where he
    soon set up shop in New York City under the name "James Reid
    Manufactory". …..... Reid later moved his shop to the
    Catskill Mountains where he continued manufacturing pistols into the
    early 1880's.


    This Reid is about the closest thing we've seen to effectively
    out-smarting a very solid patent. Rather than go to a grand
    production, it sliced right through the patent by adding a few
    threads at the back of each chamber. This clever design
    was marketed as a .31 caliber percussion revolver with the rear
    portion of the chambers in the cylinder threaded (instead of bored
    smooth) to accommodate percussion nipples which screwed into the
    back of each chamber. There was even a traditional
    percussion-style loading lever mounted underneath the barrel.


    However, if the percussion nipples were removed, the revolver could be loaded
    with standard .32 rimfire cartridges...the same as the Smith and
    Wesson No. 2 Army Revolver. What apparently kept the Reid
    safe from violating S&W's Rollin White patent were the fine
    threads at the back of each chamber. Technically, and more
    importantly; in the eyes of the law, this exempted Reid's
    design from being a "bored-through cylinder".



    The simplicity of Reid's design not only allowed it to get around S&W's
    patent, it even used the same ammunition as the S&W.


    AND
    if cartridges weren't available, it could quickly be converted
    back to a percussion weapon by re-installing the nipples. For a
    Civil War-era soldier marching through enemy territory with
    sometimes shaky supply lines (e.g. Sherman's March through
    Georgia and the Carolinas in 1864/65), having a gun that
    could fire water-tight rimfire cartridges but still fall back on
    traditional powder and ball should the former be depleted would
    have been more comforting than having a S&W No. 2 Army in .32
    rimfire or a percussion Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver.


    In the end, not only was Reid able to circumvent S&W's patent, but
    he was awarded his own patent for the dual ignition concept in April 1863.“


    Bilder:
    http://www.antiquearmsinc.com/…white-smith-wesson-12.jpg


    http://www.antiquearmsinc.com/…-white-smith-wesson-5.jpg



    Gruß
    Schwarzer Mann

    ---------------
    In meinen Beiträgen verwende ich bewusst Satire, Ironie, Sarkasmus und Übertreibungen, um zu verdeutlichen. Auch ohne Kennzeichnung dieser Stilelemente sollte sich der Leser dessen bewusst sein.